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Cloud Imperium

From the Star Citizen Wiki, the fidelity™ encyclopedia
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Cloud Imperium (CI) or Cloud Imperium Group is a group of companies behind the development and publication of Star Citizen and Squadron 42. The actual corporate structure and ownership is complicated due to legal reasons, with multiple versions of companies branded Cloud Imperium, Roberts Space Industries, and formerly Foundry 42 in different countries. It was co-founded by game developer Chris Roberts, Sandi Gardiner, and international media attorney Ortwin Freyermuth in April 2012,[1] with Erin Roberts joining the team in 2013.[2]

Official description

"Cloud Imperium is a new kind of independent studio dedicated to delivering AAA games outside the established publisher system. Founded in 2012 by renowned visionary game developer Chris Roberts (Wing Commander series, Freelancer, Privateer), Sandi Gardiner, and international media lawyer and producer Ortwin Freyermuth (Carlito's Way, Shattered, Das Boot - Director's Cut), with industry veteran and studio director Erin Roberts (Lego videogame series, Starlancer, Privateer) joining the team in 2013. Cloud Imperium is creating Star Citizen, a record-shattering largely crowdfunded space sim, and Squadron 42, a Hollywood-caliber story-driven single-player game set in the same universe. Cloud Imperium operates in "open development" – sharing progress and updates with our backers in near real time. This paradigm-shifting development process (game development usually occurs behind closed doors) means players know the ins and outs of Star Citizen and Squadron 42's development, interact with and give feedback to our developers, and ensures that we are making the games they want to play.[1]"

Structure

Note: The following list might not contain all of the subsidiaries under Cloud Imperium, nor all information as business records are behind paywall in countries other than UK.

Cloud Imperium has subsidiaries in both United States and Europe.[3] Under the Cloud Imperium Group, companies under the name of Cloud Imperium Games act as the developer of Star Citizen, they are responsible for the development studio; companies under the name of Roberts Space Industries act as the publisher of Star Citizen, they are responsible for the sales and marketing of the game; companies under the name of Cloud Imperium Rights act as the legal agent for the group.[Annotation 1] On 2019-03-06, Foundry 42 Limited rebranded to Cloud Imperium Games Limited for brand unification.[4][5]

Board of Directors

Cloud Imperium's Board of Directors consists of six members. Chris Roberts retains full control of the Cloud Imperium Board and Group.[6]

Current members

  • Chris Roberts (also known as Christopher Roberts)
  • Ortwin Freyermuth (also known as Ortwin Sam Freyermuth)
  • Erin Roberts (also known as Erin David Roberts)
  • Eli Klein (also known as Ezer Klein)
  • Sandi Gardiner (also known as Sandi Roberts)
  • Marc Nitsche

Former members

  • Dan Offner (also known as Daniel O'Connell)

Companies

United States

Note: Company registry in the United States does not have a permalink, please refer to the reference section for the information on how to access records.[Annotation 1] More information of business records are available behind paywall.
    • Cloud Imperium US, LLC
    • Registration: Registered in Delaware (and California), filing number 6607598 (DE), 201731210301 (CA)
    • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
    • Directors: Chris Roberts, Ortwin Freyermuth
    • Incorporated: 2017-11-07
    • Previously: Cloud Imperium LLC (2017-11-07 - 2018-11-08)
      • Cloud Imperium Games, LLC
      • Registration: Registered in California, filing number 201210110434
      • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
      • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2012-04-10
      • Previously: Cloud Imperium Services, LLC (2012-04-09 - 2013-03-21)
      • Cloud Imperium Games Texas, LLC
      • Registration: Registered in Texas, filing number 801860496
      • Address: 13420 Galleria Cir. Ste A-250 Bee Cave, TX 78738 USA
      • Incorporated: 2012-10-02
      • Roberts Space Industries LLC
      • Registration: Registered in Delaware (and California in 2018-03-14), filing number 5231421 (DE), 201808710439 (CA), formerly registered in Texas, filing number 802983264
      • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
      • Directors: Christopher Roberts, Ortwin Freyermuth, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2012-10-23
      • Cloud Imperium Rights, LLC
      • Registration: Registered in California, filing number 201723810140
      • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
      • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2017-08-22
    • Cloud Imperium Games Corporation
    • Registration: Registered in Delaware (and California), filing number 5143349 (DE), C3552809 (CA)
    • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
    • Directors: Chris Roberts, Ortwin Freyermuth, Simon Elms
    • Incorporated: 2012-04-20

Europe

Note: Company registry copies in Germany are behind paywall. Only limited information are available as of now.
    • Cloud Imperium UK Limited[7]
    • Registration: Registered in England and Wales, Companies House registration 8815227
    • Address: Freedom House, Church Street, Wilmslow, SK9 1AX United Kingdom
    • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts, Ezer Klein, Marc Nitsche, Sandi Roberts
    • Incorporated: 2013-12-13
    • Previously: Cloud Imperium Games UK Limited (2013-12-13 - 2018-12-21)
      • Cloud Imperium Games Limited[5]
      • Registration: Registered in England and Wales, Companies House registration 8703814
      • Address: Freedom House, Church Street, Wilmslow, SK9 1AX United Kingdom
      • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2013-09-24
      • Previously: Foundry 42 Limited (2013-09-24 - 2019-03-07)
      • Roberts Space Industries Germany GmbH[8]
      • Registration: Registered in District court of Frankfurt am Main, registration HRB 110627
      • Address: Europa-Allee 52, D-60327 Frankfurt a. Main
      • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2017
      • Roberts Space Industries International Limited[9]
      • Registration: Registered in England and Wales, Companies House registration 8882924
      • Address: Freedom House, Church Street, Wilmslow, SK9 1AX United Kingdom
      • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2014-02-07
      • Cloud Imperium Rights Limited[10]
      • Registration: Registered in England and Wales, Companies House registration 10934694
      • Address: Freedom House, Church Street, Wilmslow, SK9 1AX United Kingdom
      • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
      • Incorporated: 2017-08-29

Defunct entities

Note: Roberts Space Industries Corp. is converted to Roberts Space Industries LLC listed above. The incorporation date and surrender date match the record above.
    • Roberts Space Industries Corp.
    • Registration: Registered in Delaware (also California in 2013-04-16 and Texas in 2016-11-18), filing number 5231421 (DE), C3552808 (CA), 802586715 (TX)
    • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
    • Directors: Chris Roberts, Ortwin Freyermuth, Simon Elms
    • Incorporated: 2012-10-23
    • Defunct: 2018-03-14
    • Cloud Imperium Games, LLC
    • Registration: Registered in Texas, filing number 801701457
    • Incorporated: 2012-12-17
    • Defunct: 2016-05-10
Note: Gemini 42 companies are related to CI based on the type of company and shareholder in the Statement of Information (SI) filing.
    • Gemini 42 Entertainment, LLC
    • Registration: Registered in California, filing number 201336510097
    • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
    • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
    • Incorporated: 2013-12-26
    • Defunct: 2019-01-09
    • Gemini 42 Productions, LLC
    • Registration: Registered in California, filing number 201406310360
    • Address: 12322 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA
    • Directors: Ortwin Freyermuth, Christopher Roberts, Erin Roberts
    • Incorporated: 2014-02-28
    • Defunct: 2019-01-09

Teams

The development studios under Cloud Imperium Games are divided into different disciplines and teams.[11][12]

The team names are compiled from monthly reports, though the hierarchy might not be accurate.
  • Animation
  • Artificial Intelligence
    • Character combat
    • Ship AI
    • Social AI
  • Audio
    • Dialogue
  • Backend services
  • Character
    • Character Art
  • Cinematics
  • Concept art
  • Design
    • Economy
    • FPS mining
  • DevOps
    • Build
    • Publishing
  • Engineering
    • Actor feature
    • Engine
    • Physics
  • Environment art
    • Landing zone (locations)
    • Modular
    • Organics
    • Space scaping
  • FPS
  • Gameplay feature
    • Gameplay story
    • Persistent Universe gameplay
  • Graphics
  • Mission feature
  • Level design
    • Social
    • Spaceflight
    • Dogfight
  • Lighting
  • Live design (Design)
  • Narrative
  • Player relations
  • Props
  • QA
    • SQ42 test
  • Ship art
  • System design
  • Tech animation
  • Tech art
  • Tools
  • Usable
  • User interface
    • UI art
    • UI tech
  • Vehicle feature
  • VFX
  • Weapon art

Partnerships

Turbulent

On 2019-12-04, Cloud Imperium UK Limited (CI UK Ltd.) and Turblent extended their partnership through mutual investment. CI UK Ltd. purchased 22,250 shares of Turbulent stock directly from Turbulent co-founders Marc Beaudet and Benoit Beausejour, making Cloud Imperium UK a 25% shareholder, and acquired two seats on the Turbulent board. Meanwhile, Marc Beaudet and Benoit Beauséjour each acquired 1,170 shares in CI UK Ltd.[13]

Official Links

See also

Annotation

  1. 1.0 1.1 Information available in multiple legal documents from company registries. For companies in California, please refer to California Secretary of State Business Search. For companies in Delaware, please refer to Division of Corporations - State of Delaware. For companies in Texas, please refer to Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. For companies in UK, please refer to Companies House. For companies in Germany, please refer to Company register in Germany.

References